Pain is common in people with dementia, but assessing hospice patients who can't communicate their pain is almost impossible. Here are two validated assessment tools that can help.
- The modified Mini Suffering State Exam
- A-T-E-N-T: A prescription to relieve suffering that's inexpensive, easy to use, and has no bad side effects
- The hierarchy of pain measures, in Pain Assessment in the Nonverbal Patient:Position Statement with Clinical Practice Recommendations (pdf)
- The Checklist of Nonverbal Pain Indicators (CNPI): testing of reliability and validity in Norwegian nursing homes
- McGuire, et al - MOPAT (PubMed)